6 Negative Effects Of Peer-Pressure


One of the peskier aspects of teenage is peer-pressure.

Peer-pressure is a rite of passage that all of us go through but its impact varies from person to person. In a nutshell, peer-pressure is the influence that friends, people and individuals are capable of exerting on person. Some children are able to brush it off without any issues while it negatively impacts some other children. Sometimes adults underestimate the effects of peer pressure on their children because they were teenagers long ago in a different time.

Here are 6 ways in which peer-pressure can negatively affect children. They are listed in order of increasing importance.


Teenager frustrated with academics

1. A dip in self-confidence – Just as some influences can be positive, some influences can be negative too. Peer pressure can take a normally self-confident child and make him/her someone who is not sure about themselves and has low self-esteem. Low self-esteem and a lack of confidence in turn might impact a child’s general well-being.

2. Academics are affected – For teenagers, it is important they be accepted by their peer group. This means that their peer group’s approval gets placed above that of their parents and teachers. This in turn has a direct effect on their academics. Sometimes their academics are affected because despite being capable of performing well, they choose not to because in the eyes of their peers it makes them look ‘uncool’. Sometimes their academics are affected because in an effort to fit in with their peer group, they place more emphasis on being social rather than working on their academics.

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Teenagers being offered cigarettes and alcohol

3. Can easily adopt dangerous habits – The more extreme forms of peer pressure propagate bad habits such as alcohol consumption, smoking, drug abuse. Technically, teenagers know that these are not good habits to cultivate but they excuse it with the brash confidence youth and are also motivated by the need to feel accepted. At this point of time, long term consequences don’t really occur to them.

4. Makes them feel ashamed or bad about themselves and their family – At the average school, the student body is composed of students who come from various economic backgrounds. Sometimes these economic backgrounds are vastly disparate and for many children, this becomes a bone of contention. If they come from poor economic backgrounds or come from a family which might not give them money to spend extravagantly, children end up feeling bad or ashamed about themselves and their family, because in the eyes of their peers, they are somehow ‘lesser’ or ‘weird’  individuals.

5. Distances them from family and friends – It is common for teenagers to think that nobody understands them and that the whole world is against them. However, in a few cases, the influence of peer pressure is such that it draws teenagers completely away from family and friends who mean well. They shut themselves off and fall into bad company.

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Lonely and depressed teenager

6. May engage in self harm and suicide ideation – Sometimes the impact of peer pressure on teenagers is so bad that they can hardly stand to be in their own skin, are distanced from family and friends and become depressed and anxious. In such instances, teenagers could attempt self-harm or even dream of committing suicide, engage in suicidal thoughts and even ultimately engage in suicide.

Peer-pressure cannot be avoided and nor should children be wrapped in cotton wool and kept away like precious figurines. Recognize that your children are growing up, and allow them a limited amount of freedom and most important of all, always let them know that you love them.

How did you deal with growing teenagers and the effects of peer pressure? Share your opinions and suggestions with us in the comments section below!


About Author

Padma loves to read, write and listen to music. She enjoys writing about education and talking about it too. Someday in the future, she hopes to become a novelist too.


  1. Abbas Khaleel SM on

    I appreciate you, for writing article on current burning topic.

    It is true that most of the teens start spending more time with their friends and are influenced by these peers through peer pressure, same time, the parents need to remember one simple truth: your teen will never forget the values you have given him/her. He/she may not always remember to use this better judgment due to the influence of peer pressure, but these values will make it through the trials of adolescence and into their young adulthood.

    In some cases, Peer pressure is not bad thing. Somewhere in our lives, we all are influenced by our peers, of course both negatively and positively. It helps define who we are and how we feel about subjects/things in our lives. It is how we chose to react to peer pressure that defines who we are as an individual.

    As parents we have to make it clear to our children that what is negative and positive peer pressure.
    For example; If the your child is spending time with a group of teens who are in sports (positive) and then he meets someone who are into drugs (negative) .

    In above case, our job as parents is : we need to show our teens how to be confident with whom they are, being true to themselves and therefore, have genuine friendships and no need to be accepted by those who would lead them down the wrong path .

    Lastly, the outward appearance in teenagers is often a reflection of inner feelings. Always, encourage your teen to practice good hygiene and walk and talk with self-confidence.

    • Exactly, the parents must know the difference between negative and positive peer pressure and teach their children too about it so that children can also realise which influences around them or good or bad.
      And of course, the values that parents teach children will always be remembered by the children. It is just that during puberty and adolescence, children always tend to find value in the comments of others and not parents. But it too is a passing phase which fades by the time one reaches adulthood.

      • princess colegio on

        Who’s the witers of this article? Need response please . Because I want put this in our thesis that’s why I need bibliography for credits of this aricle. I hope you reply😊 thankyou😊

  2. This really helps a person understand the positive and negetive affects on peer pressure. Thanktou this really helps me understand what my argument paper is really about.

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