5 Math Classroom Activities For Grade 1


Mathematics gets more advanced in first grade. Students start learning to use their skills to solve problems. They start learning various operations in mathematics and will learn to collect, organize and analyze the information given to them.

To make this vital phase of learning fun and interesting for the students, we have listed out a few classroom activities.

1. The Number Line Game

Why: To Teach Numbers

What You Need: A number line template (Showing numbers 20 through 90), 68 Number cards (showing numbers 21 to 89).

How: Place the shuffled number cards downwards and ask each of your students to pick a card from the stack. Ask your students to look at the number on their cards and name the number that comes before and after it. Ask them to check the accuracy of their answers using the number line. A student wins a card only if he/she names the numbers correctly. Continue the game till the stack of cards is emptied. Ask your students to count the cards they won and announce the student who has the highest number of cards as the winner.

shutterstock_503073732. Creating Posters Showing Currency Units

Why: To Teach About Currency And Basic Mathematical Operations

What You Need: Coins (ones, twos, fives etc), Cardboard, Glue, Scissors and Markers

How: Ask your students to make posters showing different units of currency. Ask them to glue the coins on the card board and name them. Help your students identify different units of currency and also ask them to perform basic operations like addition and subtraction on the cardboard and accordingly glue the coins on it.

math-strategies3. Making List Of Mathematical Strategies Learnt

Why: To Help Students Brush Up The Strategies Learnt

What You Need: Cardboard, Markers, Glue, and Scissors.

How: Ask your students to make a list of the strategies they learnt in Math. Ask them to create posters of the same. These posters will help your students to quickly brush up these strategies whenever needed. Students get an outline of what they have learnt. Students can write down on these posters, the different techniques that they have been taught to do basic operations like addition and subtraction.

4. An Activity To Teach Greater Than And Less Than Values

Why: To Make students understand the values of numbers

What you need: A deck of playing cards for each player, paper and pencil.


Remove the face cards (jacks, queens, kings) from each deck and make 3 inequality indicators for each student, each one featuring one of these symbols:( <, >, and =).

Initially, one student selects one from his 3 inequality options and sets it down. Then, the dealer will lay out two cards from his deck, face up and making sure to place the cards down in the order they are dealt, from left to right. Students should then determine whether or not the statement made by the cards is true.  If a student’s inequality using the greater than or less than sign (<, >) is correct, he earns 3 points. If it’s incorrect, he loses a point. If a player’s inequality using the equal sign (=) is correct, they earn 15 points. If it’s incorrect, they don’t gain or lose any points. When you find no card remaining, add up the scores and decide the winner.

dice5. Addition Using Dice

Why: To Teach Addition In A Fun Way

What You Need: Dice, Pencils and papers.

How: Ask your students to start the game with “0.” Ask the first student to roll the dice and add “0” to it and find his new sum. Let all the other students do the same. Ask them to record their sum for the roll. Continue rolling and recording and passing the dice to the next student, until one of them reaches 50. Ask the student to shout “50!” to add excitement to the game. The game continues till all the students reach 50.

If you try any of these activities in your classroom? Please do let us know how they went in the comments section below!


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Rohia is an aspiring writer, who once upon a time used to be an engineer, until she decided to follow her true passion, writing. She enjoys playing piano, listening to music and singing too.

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